Monday, August 17, 2009

How do I limit what users can log onto a my Linux server system via OpenSSH / SSHD server?

Q. How do I limit what users can log onto a my Linux server system via OpenSSH / SSHD server?
A. OpenSSH server allows to specify usernames for login. According to man page syntax is as follows::AllowUsers user1 user2
AllowUsers keyword can be followed by a list of user name patterns, separated by spaces. If specified, login is allowed only for user names that match one of the patterns. * and ? can be used as wildcards in the patterns. Only user names are valid; a numerical user ID is not recognized. By default, login is allowed for all users. If the pattern takes the form USER@HOST then USER and HOST are separately checked, restricting logins to particular users from particular hosts.
Step # 1: Open sshd_config file
# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Step # 2: Add a user
Only allow user vivek to login by adding following line:AllowUsers vivek
Step # 3: Restart sshd
Save and close the file. In the above example, user vivek has already been created on the system. Now just restart sshd:# /etc/init.d/sshd restart
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